The 4 Stages of Sleep
The 4 Stages of Sleep
When you sleep, you go through four different stages of sleep: Doze, Light Sleep, Deep Sleep, and REM (Rapid Eye Movement) sleep. The 4 Stages of Sleep. The more you know about these different stages, the better prepared you will be to get the rest you need.
Phase 1 Doze
The first phase of sleep is often referred to as phase 1 and is characterized by the relaxation of muscles and slowing breathing and heart rate. This is due to the onset of potent brain chemicals, which in turn power down organs to their minimal functionality.
Fortunately, humans are not limited to one sleep cycle per night. The brain cycles through these stages four to five times per night on average. Typically, each stage lasts about 90 minutes. For the most part, however, the number of sleep cycles varies among species. Some animals require only a couple of short periods, while others take more than four hours to drift off. However, each stage of sleep enables the human body to recuperate and recover from the stresses of a busy day.
Getting enough sleep is essential to maintain your physical and mental health. Sleep is necessary for growth and development. It can aid in memory storage, repair tissue, and boost immune function.
Phase 2 Light sleep
There are four main stages of sleep. They include light sleep, REM sleep, deep sleep, and slow wave sleep. Each stage has its own function and plays a role in brain and body health.
Light sleep is the first phase of the night. This phase lasts from 5 to 10 minutes. During this time, the heart rate will slow down, and the muscles will relax. The brain will also begin to slow down its waves. It is easy to fall asleep in this phase.
REM (rapid eye movement) sleep occurs in the later part of the second half of the night. During this phase, most dreams take place. These dreams will involve sensations, smells, and tastes. At the same time, the brain is repairing itself at cellular levels.
In REM sleep, the body's breathing rhythms are irregular. This can cause jerking sensations and can even cause hallucinations. As people get older, they spend more time in REM sleep, so the effects of a lack of REM sleep can be significant.
Phase 3 Deep Sleep
Deep sleep is when the body is less responsive to external stimuli. It is also when the body is doing physical repairs and rebuilding. In addition, deep sleep is vital for learning and memory consolidation.
Stage 2 non-REM sleep, or light sleep, is the period before the body enters the deep sleep stage. This stage lasts between 20 and 40 minutes. The brain waves and breathing become more irregular and slow during this time.
A person's heartbeat is also shallow during this stage. During this phase, the brain is busy encoding memories and consolidating long-term ones.
Another interesting brain wave that occurs during this phase is the sleep spindle. These are tiny bursts of activity in the brain. They are the process by which short-term memories are converted into long-term ones. Sleep spindles are typically 12 to 16 Hz, although they can occur as high as 16 Hz.
REM, or rapid eye movement, is another feature of this phase. This is the period when dreams occur. Besides dreaming, there is little muscle activity.
Phase 4 REM sleep
The sleep cycle is a series of stages of the body's internal systems. It involves multiple physiological changes that help the body recover from the day's activity and grow.
Each stage lasts from 10 to 90 minutes. There are three main stages: REM, non-REM and deep sleep. REM is associated with dreaming, memory consolidation, and creative problem-solving. Non-REM is characterized by slow eye movement and cessation of muscle movements. Deep sleep is associated with the repair of tissues.
The first REM stage occurs after falling asleep and is about 10 minutes. During this time, the brain waves slow down. An electroencephalogram (EEG) reading will show that the waves are like those of an awake person. During REM, the heart rate rises, and blood pressure rises.
Stages 2 and 3 are deeper and shorter. This is the time when muscle relaxation and tissue repair occur. They are also the times when the heart rate and breathing slow to the lowest levels. These periods of deep sleep are challenging to wake from.
The 4 Stages of Sleep.